I’ve run into a couple situations over the past month that have inspired this blog post. The topic is something I didn’t know until I became a photographer, and I’m guessing a lot of you may not know about it either.
Have you ever gone to print one of your photos into an 8×10″ print and when you get it back, you wonder why it looks different that the photo did in your camera? Or maybe someone on the edge of the photo was cut out of the 8×10 print?
What the heck happened, right? I’m here to tell you why that happened!
Here’s the explanation in the simplest terms I can come up with. Hold on to your hats:
Most cameras take photos that will print as perfect 4×6 sized prints. That’s the most commonly printed size, so that’s why most cameras have their print ratio as a 4×6 size.
Here’s where the math comes in. A 4×6 print can be enlarged into an 8×12 print right? Each side is just doubled in length. 4[x2] by 6[x2] = 8×12. That means that an 8×12 inch print should look exactly like your 4×6 print does, except it’s just 4 times bigger.
Flash back to junior high math?? Each side is 2 times longer, so the whole photo is 2×2 or 4 times larger.
So! What does that mean for an 8×10 inch photo?
You got it! The 8×12 inch photo has to have 2 inches cut off in order to make it an 8×10.
Here are some visual examples.
Here is a 4×6 photo from one of this summer’s sessions. This is what the print looked like without any cropping; it came out of my camera framed like this.
Now, if I wanted to make this print into an 8×10 size, that means I am going to lose 2 inches of this photo. Those 2 inches can come off of either end.
So the end result, the 8×10 print you ordered would now look like the middle section of this photo, with the shaded areas cut off to make the 8×12 print now a 8×10. Make sense?
What about a 5×7 print? Making a 5×7 print requires some cropping too, just not as much as an 8×10 does. Here’s how much you’d lose if this print was made into a 5×7.
Sometimes, like in the case of the photo above, losing some of the edge of the photo doesn’t really make a different. No one is getting cut off, and I can choose which side of the photo gets cropped on, so I can somewhat choose the composition of the final photo. But other times, you run the risk of altering the final photo. Take this photo for example.
In this photo, there isn’t as much empty or “negative” space on the edges of the photo. When we crop in to make an 8×10 print, we end up cropping off the arms of the dad and son. Not the end of the world – all the faces are still visible. The photo looks different than it did as a 4×6 though.
Sometimes, a photo can’t be made into an 8×10 without completely altering the photo. The photo below is one of those cases. The 4×6 is framed to intentionally have the family at the lower left corner, and to show the entire length of the towers of the incinerator in the background. See what happens when an 8×10 is made? Either the people are going to be cut out to keep the tallest tower or the tower is going to be lost to keep the people. The intentional composition of the original photo is really altered.
What would I do if I needed to make this into an 8×10? I would take 90% of the necessary inches off the top, which will result in the tallest tower losing it’s top. A small bit of the bottom edge could be lost as well, as long as no feet are cut off in the process. The result would look very different than the original, but it would still be a great photo.
Sometimes, an 8×10 simply can’t be made without compromising the photo. I don’t have an example for you to look at right now, but imagine a huge family photo, with say 50 people stretched from the very left edge of the frame to the far right side of the photo. Any cropping at all will result in people’s heads getting cropped out. What do you do? In that case, I would either print it as a 4×6 or try to print in one of the print sizes that fit the original 4×6 ratio. Those are: 4×6, 8×12, 12×18, 16×24, or 20×30. Any of those print sizes will not require any cropping and will look exactly like the photo you see as the original.
It’s unfortunate that the most common frames sold in stores are 8×10 sized frames. This means that we have to crop our photos down to an 8×10 or else spend way more on a custom frame.
How do you prevent the risk of wrecking a photo with cropping?
The solution comes at the time of actually taking the photo. The solution to cropping off people’s heads in the imagined photo of 50 people would be to scoot further back from your crowd and include some extra or negative space on either end. That will allow for the cropping necessary to make an 8×10 but you won’t be needing to crop out people. You would just crop out the grass, trees or whatever the extra is on each end.
Does that make sense? Did I lost you at “ratio”?
If I mixed anything up or lost you, let me know! I’ll try my best to clarify. I think it’s important for people to be aware of this because it affects the end result when you are printing or enlarging photos.
When you are making 5×7, 8×10 or 11×14 prints, keep this in mind so you don’t have any unexpected surprises like lost faces or cut off arms when you get your photos back.